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I overlook IV Novembre Square, connecting in one road, San Donato street and Sant'Angelo street, connected to the present road Maglie - Santa Maria of Leuca and to the ancient path of the pilgrims headed towards the sanctuary of the Virgin Mary...
I overlook IV Novembre Square, connecting in one road, San Donato street and Sant'Angelo street, connected to the present road Maglie - Santa Maria of Leuca and to the ancient path of the pilgrims headed towards the sanctuary of the Virgin Mary.
Along this road is an alternation of typical buildings with a central courtyard typical of Salento, distributed around an open area, common and closed by a single door, ancient productive structures (cavern oil mills and granaries), the main Church dedicated to the Virgin Mary and historical buildings that belonged to the family of the Bitonti.
Among the many nobles of Montesano my owners distinguished themselves in a particular way. Their most prosperous period was between the 18th century and 20th century and over the years counting as part of families of social and wide culture.
I was constructed (in this was called “new”) in a place next to the one that housed the ancient palace, dated to the 17th century, that had become too small to house the different members of the family.
On my entrance portal is the coat of arms, constituted by a shield, in a horizontal position, in the lower part of the four red strips interchange with five white spaces, while in the higher part, in the cobalt blue background, there are three mounts, in the centre a goldfinch overlooking the waxing moon. Behind it, in opposition to the moon stands a star of Bethlehem.
Due to the loss of archive papers there is no sure evidence of my origin. In the years between 1821 and 1822 it is the domestic chapel, built by the archpriest Don Gaetano Bitonti, aligned to my structure, defining a nobiliary complex in equilibrium with the surrounding buildings, which outlines a development perspective able to communicate a hierarchy, noting the cultural and social prestige of the family who owned it.
The design concept is rather typical of salentine noble building of the early 19th century. A U-shaped planimetry, with the rooms on the ground floor destined for the servants and those on the nobles floor for the owners residence, the cellar carved into the stone wall that testifies the ancient tradition of rupestrian excavation, also evident in the cavern oil mills still present in the town.
A single entrance opens to the ground floor, constituted by a hall covered by barrels. To the right is a two flight staircase that connects the two floors of the palace.
The covered courtyard also has an uncovered area from where you can see a garden, the distribution of the two floors and a staircase that leads to the cellar.